The history of the town

The history of the town of Burghausen begins with the first settlements and shows the development up to the pulsating business location.


  • 7th/ 8th century
    Blick von der Burghauser Burg auf die Grüben in der Altstadt

    A precondition for the emergence of a settlement with a water customs station on the Salzach river was a castle whose prominence and expansion over the centuries would have a decisive influence on the development of Burghausen. After the dismissal of Duke Tassilo III (in 788), the castle becomes the sovereign possession of the Carolingians.

  • 11th/ 12th century
    Blick auf die Fassade des Rathauses in der Altstadt Burghausen

    First mention in the official records as an imperial property (1025). Later, Emperor Konrad II appoints the Counts of Burghausen to administer the fiscal assets (1027). Duke Henry the Lion takes possession of the castle and valley settlement, which already had an urban character (1164).

  • 13th century
    Blick von der Burghauser Burg auf die Plätte und die Grüben

    First the castle (in 1180) and then the town (in 1229) become the property of the Wittelsbachs; it is presumed that the town charter was conferred shortly afterwards. From 1255, after the first partition of Bavaria, the town experiences the beginnings of a political and economic upturn as the second residence of the Dukes of Lower Bavaria. The trading of salt from Hallein in particular is the lifeblood of the town.

  • 14th century
    Türme des Stadtsaals in der Altstadt - Burghausen

    Conferral of important privileges is granted to the town by Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian (1336 and 1343). Expansion of the town to the north and south (Zaglau and Spitalvorstadt). Town fire in 1353.

    Administrative centre as a sovereign tax authority and “Viztumamt” (seat of governmental power and financial administration) from 1392.

  • 15th/ 16th century
    Fassaden vom Kirchplatz in der Altstadt Burghausen

    The town flourishes and experiences its hey-day under the last three Dukes of Lower Bavaria, Henry, Ludwig and George, known as “the Rich” (1393-1503). Devastating town fire (in 1504). After the Landshut War of Succession, the town is the seat of one of the four tax authorities in the newly partitioned Bavaria (1505) with 15 administrative and judicial districts. Assignment of the magistrate’s office (1581). Loss of the main source of income from the salt trade with the establishment of the ducal salt monopoly (in 1594). Beginning of a period of administrative and economic decline lasting for several centuries.

  • 17th/ 18th century
    Spitalgasse in der Altstadt in Burghausen.

    Heavy casualties and strains during the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and during the Wars of Succession (1701-1714 and 1740-1745).

    Burghausen becomes a border town with the surrender of the Inn quarter and the subsequent loss of the economically ideal hinterland (Peace of Teschen follows the Bavarian War of Succession from 1778-1779).

  • 19th century
    Blick von Österreich auf die Burghauser Altstadt und die Burg im Sonnenlicht

    The town appears to be under a curse: the hardships of the Napoleonic Wars and the dissolution of the government (1802), the town is stripped of the title of “capital” bestowed in 1688 (1807), the loss of river navigation and the withdrawal of the garrison (1891) result in the decline to an insignificant small town.

  • 20th century
    Blick vom Salzachufer aus Österreich auf die Altstadt Burghausen und die weltlängste Burg

    Economic upturn after the establishment of the Wacker plants (1915). The new town emerges. The unique, self-contained character of the old town is preserved. Restoration of the old town begins with the construction of a flood-control dyke and quay (1969-1971).

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