Here is an overview of the excursion options in the region.
Pope em. Benedict XVI calls the pilgrimage site of Altötting "the heart of Bavaria and one the hearts of Europe". The town has been the spiritual centre of Bavaria for more than 1250 years and the most important Marian pilgrimage site in Germany for more than 500 years. In addition, Altötting is one of the "shrines of Europe", the six most important Marian pilgrimage sites in Europe.
Marktl is the birthplace of Pope em. Benedict XVI. The house in which he was born has become a site of dignified encounter with faith, just as the Holy Father himself wanted: In the permanent exhibition, visitors are provided with biographical details and background information on the life and work of Joseph Ratzinger, guided tours and temporary exhibitions.
Lake Chiemsee was formed at the end of the last ice age, approx. 10,000 years ago. Back then, it was almost three times bigger than today, but it is still so large that it is widely known as the "Bavarian Sea". That is how it sometimes feels when the waves are beating against the shore, the cool wind is blowing in your face and there is water as far as the eye can see.
And what would a sea be without islands? The Chiemsee Islands are the smallest municipality in Bavaria and also one of the best known and most popular. Three different islands – Herreninsel with the royal palace of Ludwig II, Fraueninsel with the oldest convent in Germany and the uninhabited Krautinsel – are real tourist attractions.
Surrounded by vast crags, Lake Königssee lies emerald-green and still amid the Berchtesgaden national park. Perhaps it is this sublime stillness that draws so many people to Lake Königssee year after year. The fjord-like lake is eight kilometres long and up to 1.2 kilometres wide. With a maximum depth of 192 metres, the water remains relatively cold even in high summer.
A historical vantage point over Berchtesgadener Land: from the Eagle's Nest (Kehlsteinhaus), visitors can enjoy a breath-taking panoramic view of up to 200 kilometres.
Specially for groups, Heilstollen Berchtesgaden offers a combined stay at the Berchtesgaden salt mine consisting of a salt mine tour followed by a sound experience in the salt cure gallery.
With the blue Danube, the green Inn and the black Ilz, the 3-river town of Passau is an experience for all the senses. Its attractive landscape and townscape give a romantic and surprising impression.
With its history and stories of bygone days, its sights and museums and its theatre and cabaret, the town is a paradise for lovers of art and culture. A concert on the world's biggest cathedral organ in St Stephan's Cathedral is an incomparable listening experience.
The town of Landshut is situated on the Isar in the heart of Lower Bavaria. In the Middle Ages, Landshut was renowned throughout the world for its art: The master builders, wood carvers, bronze casters, armourers and bell founders all played a part in this. Other landmarks in the town are Trausnitz castle and the 131 metre-high St Martin's church tower. This is the tallest brick tower in the world. It remains a symbol of a town that even defied the Dukes.
One particularly impressive spectacle is the Landshut Wedding, the biggest mediaeval festival in Europe. Every four years, the whole town re-enacts the Middle Ages for three weeks.
Visitors to the capital of Upper Bavaria can choose from a host of interesting sights, from the Church Of Our Lady (Frauenkirche) and the Olympic Park to the English Garden. Munich caters to all tastes with attractions such as the Oktoberfest, the Bavaria Film Studios and the BMW factory.
It is a city full of beer gardens, parks and stuccoed buildings. Despite having over a million inhabitants, Munich has retained its legendary Bavarian charm.
It's a song the whole world knows. Hochburg-born Franz Xaver Gruber composed the Christmas carol "Silent Night".
Starting at the Gruber memorial house and continuing along the beautifully landscaped sculptural representations of the continents, the trail tells the story of how "Silent Night" became so popular. The walk takes around an hour, and features seven sculptures integrated in the magnificent landscape of Hochburg. A trail that combines nature and art in a unique way.
With a population of 5500, Oberndorf (altitude 394 metres) – a former seafarers' community with market rights from the Kaiser – is a central borough in northern Flachgau and full of reminders of an eventful past.
On 24 December 1818, the former church of St Nicholas resounded with the world-famous Christmas carol "Silent Night! Holy Night!" for the first time. Along with many other sights, the Silent Night Chapel recalls this time, and attracts pilgrims from Austria and abroad all year round.
The city has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its silhouette of baroque domes and the striking Hohensalzburg fortress remain a remarkable sight. However, the tradition-steeped city beneath the skyline also has a thriving present. Salzburg – a unique Baroque treasure with the stunning backdrop of the Alps.
With its 76 lakes, the Salzkammergut is one of the most diverse regions of Austria. Traditions are maintained and lived out in the Salzkammergut. Deep-rooted customs and rituals dating back hundreds of years are still carried out to this day. There is a vast array of culture, ranging from the traditional to the modern.