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Architectural history

The castle which stands as a witness to over one thousand years of history, is the focus of a visit to Burghausen and a picturesque feast for the senses and the  soul.

2nd/1st c. BC
Presumably a Celtic sectional fortification

8th/ 9th c.
Presumably the fortified official court of the Agilolfingian dukes for the protection of salt shipping

11th/ 12th c.
Seat of the Count of Burghausen (until 1164); first castle expansion under Sighard X of the Aribones (around 1090); Henry the Lion is in possession of the castle; further expansion under the Wittelsbachs (from 1180)

13th c.
Completely new facility under Duke Henry XIII of Lower Bavaria after the first partition of Bavaria (1255); second residence of the Dukes of Lower Bavaria after Landshut; border stronghold against Salzburg and Passau; oldest preserved structure (main castle)

14th c.
Now fully expanded as a defence facility

15th c.
The most important construction period under the last Dukes of Lower Bavaria (Henry the Rich 1393-1450, Ludwig the Rich 1450-1479, George the Rich 1479-1503); expansion of the facility to its current form comes under pressure from the Turkish threat (1480-1490); ducal residence; the castle is a self-contained community (defence and residential castle)

16th c.
Loss of the castle’s residential character after the Landshut War of Succession (1503-1505); Princes’ residence (sons of Albert IV the Wise); the castle continues to be of great military importance as a main weapons site; minor modifications; begin of decline

17th c.
Fortifications strengthened against the threat of the advancing Swedes (1632)

18th c.
Expansion of outer fortifications according to the system of master fortress builder Marshal Sebastian de Vauban (1633-1707); turmoil of the Wars of Succession in the first half of the 18th century; extensive rebuilding (garrison castle from 1763); 1779 Peace of Teschen: Burghausen becomes a border town as the Inn section is lost to Austria

19th c.
All outer fortifications torn down by French troops under General Ney (1800-1801); Napoleon declares the castle no longer fit for use as a fortress (1809); modifications, demolition, levelling and privatisation of parts of the castle; discharge of the garrison (1891); start of large-scale renovations to the main castle (1896); renovation work on the entire castle facility since 1960/1970

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Blick in den zweiten Burghof.

Castle courtyards at a glance

The six castle courtyards are strung together like a pearl necklace. Every castle courtyard has lots to discover.

Blick auf die Altstadt

Virtual tour

Experience Burghausen from a whole new perspective. High-quality 360-degree shots provide a fantastic look at the city.

Fotomuseum und Curaplatz

Museums

Fascinating extras to the castle experience.

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